Monday, August 26, 2013

How to Treat the Freshmen, 1495

They get smaller every year.
Codex Manesse (c. 1304)

"Statute Forbidding Any One to Annoy or Unduly Injure the Freshmen. Each and every one attached to this university is forbidden to offend with insult, torment, harass, drench with water or urine, throw on or defile with dust or any filth, mock by whistling, cry at them with a terrifying voice, or dare to molest in any way whatsoever physically or severely, any, who are called freshmen, in the market, streets, courts, colleges and living houses, or any place whatsoever, and particularly in the present college, when they have entered in order to matriculate or are leaving after matriculation."

Leipzig University Statute (1495)

A friendly reminder for the new academic year: please resist the temptation to terrify the freshmen with spooky voices, at least for the first few weeks.


75 comments:

  1. Well, there goes my lesson plan for fall.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
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    5. Contact Dr Raypower at urgentspellcast@gmail.com if you want to get your Husband, Wife, Boyfriend and Girlfriend back now and regain your happiness.

      Hi i am Laura Christ from USA I have just experience the wonders of Dr. Raypower love spell, that have been spread on the internet and worldwide, How he marvelously helped people all over the world to restored back their marriage life and get back lost lovers, and also help to win lottery. I contacted him after going through so many testimonies from different people how he help to bring back ex lover back, i told him about my husband that abandoned me about 8 months ago, and left home with all i had.. Dr Raypower only told me to smile and have a rest of mind he will handle all in just 24 hours, After the second day my husband called me, i was just so shocked, i pick the call and couldn't believe my ears, he was really begging me to forgive him and making promises on phone.. He came back home and also got me a new car just for him to proof his love for me. i was so happy and called Dr Raypower and thanked him, he only told me to share the good news all over the world .. Well if you need an effective and real spell caster contact Dr Raypower Via email: urgentspellcast@gmail.com or urgentspellcast@yahoo.com or Call or WhatsApp: +1 (424) 330-8109 and also see more reviews about him on his website: http://urgentspellcast.website2.me/ view his blog page: https://urgentpowerfullovespell.blogspot.com/

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    6. I am sharing this testimony to partners suffering in their relationships because there is an enduring solution.
      My husband left me and our 2 kids for another woman for 3 years. I tried to be strong just for my kids but I could not control the pains that torment my heart. I was hurt and confused. I needed a help, so i did a research on the internet and came across a site where I saw that Dr ajeghe a spellcaster, can help get lovers back. I contacted him and he did a special prayer and spells for me. To my surprises, after 2 days, my husband came back home. That was how we reunited again and there was a lot of love, joy and peace in the family.
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  2. Can I get some suggestions on water/urine drenching alternatives for my bucket-on-top-of-the-ajar-door prank?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. When in doubt, use wine. That's one of the main lessons of the past.

      Delete
    2. ....Just not recycled wine!

      Delete
    3. Hot oil? Well, no... that was pre-1495. No longer in vogue.

      Delete
    4. Lol; I "use" wine a lot. It helps many things. :)

      Delete
  3. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Replies
    1. It's in the Bibliography page, which is a bit of a labyrinth at the moment...
      Friedrich Zarncke, ed., Die Statutenbücher der Universität Leipzig, (Leipzig, 1861), 102. Translation adapted from Robert Francis Seybolt, The Manuale Scholarium: An Original Account of Life in the Mediaeval University (Cambridge, MA, 1921), 21-2, n.6.

      Delete
  5. I asked myself, what Latin word could possibly be translated as "freshman"? "Beanus", which actually means a pre-initiation ("depositio") student and derives from a Sorbonne term "bec jaune", yellow-beak or, as we might say, greenhorn. See the Wikipedia entry for "deposition (university)".

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. At the University of St. Andrews, which I attended as an honorary freshman several--OK, full disclosure: many--decades ago (I was actually in my US junior year abroad), first-year students were called "Bejants," a term obviously borrowed from the French during the era of the "Auld Alliance" of Scotland and France against their common enemy, the detestable English.

      Delete
    2. Yes - "freshman" here is a translation of "beanus" (elsewhere "bejaunus"), cf. Mariken Teeuwen, The Vocabulary of Intellectual Life in the Middle Ages, 41: "At the end of his first academic year, the bejaunus, together with his combejauni, was purged of the slur of his freshmanship (the labes bejaunica) and was called a sc(h)olaris collegiatus."

      I didn't know St. Andrews first-years were called this too! I hope you weren't subjected to any of the indignities above.

      Delete
  6. "Beanus"...hence the term "beanie," which freshmen were (are?) often forced to wear? I'm guessing.

    ReplyDelete
  7. No mocking or terrifying? How does one build character,then?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The fifteenth century was good with loopholes.

      Delete
  8. When I was a frosh at a Catholic high school in 1970, we were called "bennies" and wore brown and white beanies proudly to prove it. Now I finally understand.

    ReplyDelete
  9. be reminded that the freshman year in college, in 1495, was probably a youth's twelfth or thirteenth year. they were junior-high-school boys. a little harassment was probably well in order...

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. A few might have been a little younger if they are close to having passable Latin and had an older brother who was ready for university. Brothers could room together and the family could save expenses.

      Delete
  10. You can see the roots of fascism in Germany already, this early. Trying to tell us what to do with freshmen, in that authoritarian way of theirs. Ha. As if.

    ReplyDelete
  11. Lists like that remind me of a colleague's typical remark regarding laws or rules against something: "If there was a need to write a written rule against it, that always means that this was done!"
    Glad I'm not a medieval freshman...

    ReplyDelete
  12. I guess neither hazing nor bullying are all that new.
    Ulla

    ReplyDelete
  13. "Beanie" was the first thing that occurred to me, too (having tried to steal the beanies before we could be forced to wear them during orientation), but I wonder if there is really a direct link. The dictionaries (Oxford English dictionary, Webster's Third new international) don't make it. "Beanie" for them comes from U.S. slang, which they trace back to "bean" in the sense of "head", which does not (according to them) go back to beanus < bejaunus etc.

    ReplyDelete
  14. I posted the Latin original here for the the curious and the teachers of freshman Latin who want to inculcate good student behavior this semester: http://askthepast.blogspot.com/p/leipzig-university-statute-concerning.html

    ReplyDelete
  15. Greek: douloß - servant, slave, devoted to another to the disregard of one's own interests; having no identity

    Hazing isn't just mindless abuse, it's a rite of passage!

    ReplyDelete
  16. ...cry at them with a terrifying voice...
    That made me laugh the hardest. So, no jumping out from behind doors and saying, "BOO! Ahahaha, didst ye all see the look on this beanie's face? T'was priceless!"

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  18. This comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

    ReplyDelete
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  23. Freshman needs to be prepared for the university life, that's why there is service that can help students with issues that they face during studying. have a glimpse here you can find solutions to your situation!

    ReplyDelete
  24. Thanks Very Much! Now I have an Idea on how to treat my freshy's :D, BTW i'm a Sophomore

    ReplyDelete
  25. FYI, Du Cange has an informative entry on beanus: http://ducange.enc.sorbonne.fr/BEANUS

    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
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    ReplyDelete
  28. Contact Dr Raypower at urgentspellcast@gmail.com if you want to get your Husband, Wife, Boyfriend and Girlfriend back now and regain your happiness.

    Hi i am Laura Christ from USA I have just experience the wonders of Dr. Raypower love spell, that have been spread on the internet and worldwide, How he marvelously helped people all over the world to restored back their marriage life and get back lost lovers, and also help to win lottery. I contacted him after going through so many testimonies from different people how he help to bring back ex lover back, i told him about my husband that abandoned me about 8 months ago, and left home with all i had.. Dr Raypower only told me to smile and have a rest of mind he will handle all in just 24 hours, After the second day my husband called me, i was just so shocked, i pick the call and couldn't believe my ears, he was really begging me to forgive him and making promises on phone.. He came back home and also got me a new car just for him to proof his love for me. i was so happy and called Dr Raypower and thanked him, he only told me to share the good news all over the world .. Well if you need an effective and real spell caster contact Dr Raypower Via email: urgentspellcast@gmail.com or urgentspellcast@yahoo.com or Call or WhatsApp: +1 (424) 330-8109 and also see more reviews about him on his website: http://urgentspellcast.website2.me/ view his blog page: https://urgentpowerfullovespell.blogspot.com/

    ReplyDelete
  29. Testimony By Veronica Ball, How to get your ex back fast!

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    WhatsApp / call +2347087462033 / His blog> https://supremespells.blogspot.com
    Thank you sooooo much!!!

    ReplyDelete
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  31. I had struggle relationship with my husband in the past which led to divorce with my first husband. After i and my ex husband got divorced, i had another chance to re-marry again and just 5 years of my second marriage there was another divorce which almost killed me emotionally. I stayed for another two years been unmarried and a single mother. Honestly I wasn't really happy it because every woman need a man in her life, there was a time i saw my first husbands photo and i realized how much i loved him and have missed him. I tried to get to him but i was told that he moved on with his life and we may never been together again. I wept bitterly that night thinking i have lost the man that i have had so much love for. I asked for advise on what to do and a friend of mine gave me a contact of Osasu Solution Temple, i consulted him and to his very best with his powerful spells he helped me with a Reunion Marriage Love Spell to returned my ex husband back to me, in just 9 days i had enchanter with a spiritual reunion prayers with priest Osasu everything turn around for good in my life, I am now happily living with my first husband again and sort out the divorce issues. with the help of Osasu temple, his a man of wisdom and care. Thanks and i appreciate all the help you have rendered to get my ex husband back into my life again. I testify here today that Osasu temple is powerful it can resolve all problem in a broken relationship with love once. contact him for solutions to any kind of relationship problem. Email....(drosasu25@gmail.com) You can also call him or add him on WhatsApp +2347064365391

    ReplyDelete
  32. Contact Dr Raypower at urgentspellcast@gmail.com if you want to get your Husband, Wife, Boyfriend and Girlfriend back now and regain your happiness.

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    You can as well contact Dr ajeahe , a powerful spell-caster for solutions on his contact ajeghespelltemple@gmail.com You can also Whatsapp him +2349069171173 His Blog> https://ajeghespelltemple.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  35. WOW... My testimony about the good work of Dr John who help me.... I'm Cynthia William from usa. And am sorry for putting this on net but i will have to by this world top spell caster that brought back my husband which left me out for past 5years, i eventually met this man on a blog site posting by one of is client for help, i explained everything to him and he told me about a spell caster that he had heard about and he gave me an email address to write to the spell caster to tell him my problems. In just 2 days, my husband was back to me. I just want to say thank you to this truthful and sincere spell caster, sir all you told have come to pass and thank you sir. Please i want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to problem, i advice you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real,he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tell is what will happen, because all what the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on: his email address, drjohnsoco@Gmail.com OR drjohnsoco@outlook.com, or directly on whatsapp +2348147766277.

    ReplyDelete

  36. URGENT AND POWERFUL SPELL CASTER DR GBOJIE WHATSAPP HIM ON +2349066410185
    am from canada, would want to tell you all that i was able to put an end to my divorce issue and restore my marriage again, because i never wanted it to happen. i don’t know what came over my husband that he was filling for divorce, i tried to talk him out of it when he told me and he didn’t listen to me, i had no other option than to seek for the help of a spell caster and now am glad i did. Because if not for the help of spell, i don’t know what would have become of me by now because i loved my husband so much that i couldn’t stand loosing him. The spell worked like magic with the way and manner my husband change and started showing love instead of the divorce he was planning. i just too happy that everything is in place for me now. I would gladly recommend the use of spell to any one going through marriage problems and want to put an end to it. [gbojiespiritualtemple@gmail.com , gbojiespiritualtemple@yahoo.com or whatsapp : +2349066410185 was were i got the help to restore my marriage] website : http://gbojiespiritualtemple.website2.me

    ReplyDelete
  37. You need help to GET PREGNANT? contact Priest Babaka on this email (babaka.wolf@gmail.com), i am here to share my testimony on HOW I CONCEIVE my babies after i suffer from PCOS and my TUBES ARE TIED, i have been married to my husband for 11 years without no issue. i had problems with my in-laws even my husband started to have new affairs aside our marriage.it was a very terrible thing to bear, been to many doctors and yet my case remain the same, i was now seen as always unhappy. my husband was not given me any attention that i needed from him. on this faithful day, i decided to check the net for updates on Trying To Conceive with pcos and my tubes are tied, and i came across a story of a woman who Priest Babaka helped to conceive a twins under same condition as mine. so i decided to put a try because this has been my greatest problem in life. today i am a proud mom with two son.contact him today via email: babaka.wolf@gmail.com or Facebook at priest.babaka he will surely make your dreams come through

    ReplyDelete
  38. This is a testimony that i will tell to every one to hear. i have been married four 5years and on the fifth year of my marriage, another man had a spell to take my lover away from me and my wife left me and the kids and we have suffered for 3years until i meant a post where this man Dr,winner have helped someone and i decided to give him a try to help me bring my love wife home and believe me i just send my picture to him and that of my wife and after 45hours as he have told me, i saw a car drove into the house and behold it was my wife and she have come to me and the kids and that is why i am happy to make every one of you in similar to met with this man and have your lover back to your self His Email: Winnersspellcast@gmail.com or contact him on his website: https://winnersspellcast.blogspot.com or you can also contact him or WhatsApp him on this +2348138289852 thank you so much

    ReplyDelete
  39. This is a testimony that i will tell to every one to hear. i have been married four 5years and on the fifth year of my marriage, another man had a spell to take my lover away from me and my wife left me and the kids and we have suffered for 3years until i meant a post where this man Dr,winner have helped someone and i decided to give him a try to help me bring my love wife home and believe me i just send my picture to him and that of my wife and after 45hours as he have told me, i saw a car drove into the house and behold it was my wife and she have come to me and the kids and that is why i am happy to make every one of you in similar to met with this man and have your lover back to your self His Email: Winnersspellcast@gmail.com or contact him on his website: https://winnersspellcast.blogspot.com or you can also contact him or WhatsApp him on this +2348138289852 thank you so much

    ReplyDelete
  40. Get your lover back urgent effective love spell to win and get ex back my advise reveal you all to contact Dr Ogudugu for a genuine love spell on greatogudugu@gmail.com that work fast. here is my relationship story. my boyfriend told me it was over and walk away without any reasons, I was confuse and didn't know what to do. I was desperate, I want him back, I went over the internet looking for ways to get my boyfriend back. I read about many different ways of how to get ex back, but Dr Ogudugu caught my attention. I immediately contacted him and explained my problem to him. It was amazing and surprising that 11hrs after the urgent love spell was cast, my boyfriend called me and was begging me to forgive him and accept him back, Couldn't believe, but later after he came to my house and fell on his knees asking me to take him back am so happy that my love is back again. I am testifying on this forum just to let people know that Dr Ogudugu is real and genuine. don't hesitate to try him out. thank you Dr Ogudugu you are truly talented and gifted genuine spell caster. Contact him now if you need your girlfriend/boyfriend back or your girlfriend moved on to another man, do not cry anymore .. Dr Ogudugu is here to help out in relationship problem coz problem share is problem solve.
    Email him at.... greatogudugu@gmail.com
    WhatsApp...+27663492930
    Website: https://greatogudugu.wixsite.com/website

    ReplyDelete
  41. I was able to put an end to my divorce issue and restore my marriage again, because i never wanted it to happen. i don’t know what came over my husband that he was filling for divorce, i tried to talk him out of it when he told me and he didn’t listen to me, i had no other option than to seek for the help of a spell caster and now am glad i did. Because if not for the help of spell, i don’t know what would have become of me by now because i loved my husband so much that i couldn’t stand loosing him. The spell worked like magic with the way and manner my husband change and started showing love instead of the divorce he was planning. i just too happy that everything is in place for me now. I would gladly recommend the use of spell to any one going through marriage problems and want to put an end to it. ______Robinson.buckler @ yahoo. com................ THANK YOU!!


    ReplyDelete
  42. URGENT AND EFFECTIVE POWERFUL LOVE SPELL CASTER WHO RESTORED HAPPINESS IN MY RELATIONSHIP
    am here to share with you my life experience on how a great man called Dr gbojie saved me and my marriage.I have been Married & Barren for for 5 years i had no child. i have never been pregnant i was a subject of laughter from my Friends & neighbors, i almost lost my marriage because of this issue.i was so confused that i did not know what to do until i came across this great Dr online and i contacted him at once i was scared weather it was going to work because i never believed things like this before, so i decided to give it a try and i did all what Dr gbojie asked of me and today to my greatest surprise i took in the first time and i gave birth to a bouncing baby boy and now my marriage that was about crashing before is now restored. my husband now love and want me better, Am so happy for everything that have been happening in my life since i met this Dr gbojie .I want to tell all the women/men out there who have a similar situation like mine,that the world is not over YET they should dry up their tears and contact this great man and their problem will be gone or are you also having other problems you can also contact gbojiespiritualtemple@gmail.com,gbojiespiritualtemple@yahoo.com His spells is for a better life OR call his number +2349066410185
    website : http://gbojiespiritualtemple.website2.me
    blog : https://brokenmindmend.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  43. Hi everyone Am sherry wyne, I do hope my post gets read and hopefully helps somebody along the line.i will never forget the help the wonderful spell caster Dr ojoka render to me in my marital life. i have been married for 4 years now and my husband and i love each other very dearly . after 4 years of our marriage my husband suddenly change he was having an affair with a lady outside, i notice it then i was praying for divine intervention but nothing happen. my husband just came home one day he pick up his things and left me and the kids to his mistress house.. At this time i was confuse not knowing what to do. i was so depressed and had to tell a friend who told me how a spiritualist helped her out with her marital problems so i contacted him and i told him my problem and after he made some consultations he told me what went wrong with my husband and how it happened, that he will restore my marriage but i never believe him. To my greatest surprise 3 days after he has cast the spell my husband came to my office begging me on his knees that i should find a place in my heart to forgive him that he is very sorry for everything he has done to me and the kids .... now am happy we living happily with my husband and kids...thanks to the help of the great Spiritualist Dr ojoka, contact him with any problem and am sure he will help email drojokaspelltemple@gmail com whatsapp him on +2348144172934

    ReplyDelete
  44. Love spells to get your ex boyfriend or ex girlfriend back permanently.Call/WhatsApp Dr.Unity +2348055361568.
    Love spell from dr.Unity brought my husband back" After 12years of marriage, me and my husband has been into one quarrel or the other until he finally left me and moved to California to be with another woman. I felt my life was over and my kids thought they would never see their father again. i tried to be strong just for the kids but i could not control the pains that torments my heart, my heart was filled with sorrows and pains because i was really in love with my husband. Every day and night i think of him and always wish he could come back to me, I was really worried and i needed help, so i searched for help online and I came across a website that suggested that Dr Unity can help get ex back fast. So, I felt I should give him a try. I contacted him and he told me what to do and i did it then he did a Love spell for me. 11hours later, my husband really called me and told me that he miss me and the kids so much, So Amazing!! So that was how he came back that same day,with lots of love and joy,and he apologized for his mistake,and for the pain he caused me and the kids. Then from that day,our Marriage was now stronger than how it were before, All thanks to Dr Unity. he is so powerful and i decided to share my story on the internet that Dr.Unity is real spell caster who i will always pray to live long to help his children in the time of trouble, if you are here and you need your ex lover back or save your marriage fast. Do not cry anymore, contact this powerful spell caster Dr.Unity now. Here’s his contact,Email him at: Unityspelltemple@gmail.com or Call/WhatsApp him: +2348055361568,
    Check is website:https://unityspelltemples.blogspot.com ,your kindness will never be forgotten.

    Natasha Wanderly form USA.

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  47. as searching for help on the internet to get my ex lover whom will got divorced back, i came across this wonderful man called DR.ODOGBO of ODOGBO TEMPLE who did a nice job by helping me to get my divorced husband back within 48hours.. I never believe that such things like this can be possible but now i am a living testimony to it because ODOGBO TEMPLE actually brought my lover back, If you are having any relationship problems why not contact DR.ODOGBO TEMPLE via email on: (DRODOGBO34@GMAIL.COM ) OR WhatsApp him on +1443 281 3404 Then i promise you that after 48hours you will have reasons to celebrate like me.

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  50. DR YAKAYA SPELL IS THE BEST SPELL ANYONE WILL LIKE TO USE TO BRING BACK THEIR EX BACK. WE KNOW THERE ARE SOME BREAK UP THAT WE DON'T WISH FOR IT TO HAPPEN BUT IT CAN JUST HAPPEN BECAUSE YOUR LOVER MAY NOT LOVE YOU THE SAME WAY YOU LOVE HIM OR HER, THEN HE/HER MIGHT JUST DECIDE TO BREAK UP WITH YOU BECAUSE THEY DON'T FEEL THE LOVE YOU HAVE FOR THEM OR YOU MIGHT HAVE SOME MISS UNDERSTANDING THAT WILL LEAD TO A BREAK FOR OVER SOME MONTHS OR YEAR, THEN YOU MIGHT NEED HELP TO GET HIM OR HER BACK JUST CONTACT DR YAKAYA VIA HIS EMAIL ADDRESS YAKAYATEMPLE@GMAIL.COM OR CALL HIM VIA HIS MOBILE NUMBER +15199628633 TO HELP YOU OUT

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  51. Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Dr.Yakaya my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 48hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Dr.yakaya you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact
    YAKAYATEMPLE@GMAIL.COM

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  52. Thanks to Dr edede spell caster for the help he rendered to me at first he helped me to cast a love spell that bring back my lover to me and right now we are happy living together secondly he help me to cast a spell that make the person that took away my money from me return back my money to me right now I'm very happy and grateful and thankful to dr prince spell caster Here goes his email address Email: Ededetemple@gmail.com OR what app +38972751056...

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  53. Am Mr. Anderson, I saw a post on how a lady got her man back by Doctor edion. He helped her to get her Ex Husband back. My wife divorce me 2 years ago to live with another man and i have try to let go of her but i could not, so i try to do many things to get her back and she refuse to come back to me. I visit a forum one day for tips to get her back and there i saw a lady testifying of how Doctor Edion helped her to get her man back after he was tie down with a spell by another woman and Doctor Edion was the one that help her. Although I never believed in spiritual work I reluctantly tried him because I was desperate and i contact him and explain my problems to him, to my greatest surprise Doctor Edion helped me to bring back my woman after 2 days and now my relationshipish now perfect just as he promised. Getting your ex back permanently spell does not only bring back someone you love but it will also re-unite your lovers feelings for you to be as happy with that person. My woman now treats me like a king and always say she love me all the time. If you are passing through difficulties in your relationship, Doctor Edion can help solve marital problems, restore broken relationships and He can also cure diseases like HIV, AIDS, Herpes Virus, Cancer, E.T.C Email him for urgent help. Email: Ediontempl@gmail.com or WhatsApp +2348165396275

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